tv Global 3000 - The Globalization Program Deutsche Welle November 13, 2017 10:30pm-11:01pm CET
sweet is on t w news. d w true diversity. where the world of science is at home in many languages. on a lot of programming go and there you. go there with us our innovations magazine for asia. and for every week and always looking to the future on d w dot com science and research for asia. welcome to global three thousand today we're all about climate change in the indian city of delhi and pollution levels are sky high again the causes may be many and varied but humans are behind all of them. in uganda and new hydroelectric plants
promise is clean energy but will locals also benefit. first though we talk to scientists about the connection between climate change and natural disasters. in. extreme weather events are growing ever more frequent natural disasters more destructive and deadly h one reignites the debate was it a freak of nature or a result of climate change and human activity. recent hurricanes harvey and maria killed over two hundred people in the u.s. in the caribbean and they cause nearly a trillion dollars worth of damage. from an outspoken climate change skeptic visited the disaster area and he continues to rule out that human activity could have caused the catastrophe. but now there's
a field of science which for the first time is able to estimate whether a natural disaster was likely due to human caused climate change or not by a young german physicist at britain's oxford university is studying hurrican harvey similar studies on the floods in louisiana last year produced clear results. by dinged with how many house doing those studies we discovered that climate change had on average doubled the probability of this torrential rain occurring. and so it would be surprising if we got a totally different result in a neighboring state at the same time of the year but just twelve months later calls came in so far the discussion about natural disasters and their possible link to climate change has been largely a political one it's a high stakes debate involving powerful industries on the one hand and a risk to people's lives on the other. hand for
home and all that was in that myself and in the fog in most cases it's always been politicians who put forward and says in the debate that was what motivated us to say over the past five years we've developed these methods that allow us to make a qualified assessment and we need to publicize that. it's a whole field known as attribution science the data of recent extreme weather events as compared with long term climate models last winter for example the arctic saw record temperatures at the north pole they even rose above freezing in december . that's more than twenty degrees celsius above normal. what's new about autos work is that she can calculate how the weather would be in a world without human induced climate change factors like greenhouse gases. when she compared that model for the arctic with the latest data from the heatwave there she was shocked by the results come on as an x. team mates of and if you look at it. stream heat waves in summer they might be six
degrees celsius above normal but not twenty degrees so in me to a logical terms it was a really really strain event extremis i guess moto has built a computer network to process the huge volume of data her climate models involve it allows her to calculate how much climate change has increased the probability of an extreme weather event like here in the arctic. on this and the m five in this case our results showed that without climate change this kind of weather event would have been practically impossible this was the greatest increase in probability that we've seen to date on average human induced climate change made it three hundred times more probable by shine and. conversely we doing auto and her team can also prove a natural disaster was not a result of climate change for the record floods in southern germany in twenty thirteen for example the climate data showed no significant deviation in expected
rainfall so there must have been other reasons for the floods buildings too close to reverse perhaps a lack of dredging a lack of flood plains in other words failures of government level. but elsewhere in europe climate change has led to natural disasters the south of the continent has experienced repeated record heat waves in the last few years attribution scientists say that's because the probability of extreme temperatures has multiplied leading to more forest fires water shortages and drought worldwide habitable zone so shrinking which could have drastic knock on effects millions of people could potentially be forced from their homes. by hits of in with all the heat waves that we studied on various continents europe in summer is in fact one of the hot spots if you like for climate change. not on the same level as the arctic
but nevertheless it's a place where you can see that climate change to significantly increase the probability of this kind of heat wave. the implications of this relatively new science could change our world three coastal communities in california have now filed a lawsuit against exxon mobil and other fossil fuel producers saying that rising sea levels of linked to harmful emissions. and countries like the united states or germany might one day actually be called to account for failing to achieve their environmental goals by promoting climate change. all on the basis of evidence produced by attribution science. by twenty forty experts expect to renewables to be supplying huge amounts of energy and the industry is also driving job grace the sector already employs nine point eight million people three point six million of them in china alone. that's
a forty percent rise worldwide in the last five years. global energy supplies already come from a range of sources by twenty forty power we harvest from sunlight is set to triple wind power will double. a coalition of forty eight developing nations acutely affected by climate change have pledged to become one hundred percent reliant on climate friendly energy by twenty fifty. there's no question that global energy demand will rise it's forecast to double by twenty forty not least because many people in now only gaining access to energy for the first time like in uganda. the seven only family make their way to their former home.
they were forced to move away from here four years ago because their house was too close to the site of a new hydroelectric power plant. feels good to be back here in the mountains this is where i was born. i was born here. and so one moment. we had all kinds of crops. calling conserve the coffee so we always had something to eat and we have money. you know. the family farms three acres of land here at an altitude of fifteen hundred metres they can still use a small area of it so they return regularly for other families were also forced to move to make way for the new power plant the concrete channel
where the new billy a river is to be redirected in the future is almost ready peter chu morley works as a project manager for a danish company called frontier energy it specializes in developing renewable energy projects in africa. growing in its natural course. suddenly there will be a reduced flow you know especially the dry months but during the what month. it will be like normal will be no almost no difference. the channel is two kilometers long what's decisive for producing power is the force with which the water drives the turbines so from here the water will pass through steel pipes plunging two hundred sixty four meters down the mountain. the reason we need. to this point.
between this point. is that. the entire project is set to cost sixty million dollars before the work even began a feasibility study was carried out to show whether the location was suitable that study alone cost six hundred thousand dollars the united nations green climate fund snow provides money for these kinds of initiatives in the past it was always difficult to get funding for feasibility studies. because of the risk i mean. you've got to you've got to get a group of people that you know the engineers that know what they're doing and are able to look at a site from the very beginning and you know says you know what. these projects. you know that becomes very easy. to turbines are due to arrive soon the hydroelectric power plant is designed to produce over five megawatts of electricity one running at capacity that's enough for thirty seven and
a half thousand households the plant is supposed to provide electricity to this remote region on the border to the democratic republic of congo but the local residents aren't yet linked to the power grid so for the time being they won't benefit. what we tell them that will tell them that i think. you can know we are not happy but you know just to get away with it but what we can do. let's say in the sea to be necessary. for the government or the media to bring about the i think you know lifting up the place for them to you know focus on that because. this still will be used to make a wedding cake it's all part of the cookery course for local women. then you can use your hands so you need to wash your hands remove all the bangles on your hands . two hundred thirty eight families have been affected by work on the power plant
so the company has to give back to the community in other ways retirees in charge of the course she has also set up lessons in beekeeping and arable farming. them on hand i think like backing why they will produce a product and send it off they would be able to support themselves. basics they didn't have to ask for their men put everything. back to the seven only family for the past eight months they've been living in their new home on the plains fifteen kilometers from their old one. the first time i came here i was very happy with our new home but gradually we realised that our new life was very hard we hardly had anything to eat even though we had a nice home. from january to june this year there was
a drought that meant the family was unable to harvest anything the house only came with a small plot of land and the banana plants are still too young to bear fruit. if they didn't have the remainder of their farmland up in the mountains the family would be even worse off once a week employees from front to your energy visit them four of the children are no longer going to school because the family can't afford to pay the fees. we need to look into the whole. issue of being fired and. you know just go back and you know just look at what made us all what led them to choose that place. and then you know find some way of. bringing to them a piece of land that is closer to. the father and one of his sons are currently working as day laborers to help the families scrape by the hydroelectric power
company still has their work cut out for them. our kids for climate have plenty to do to vision and are committed to protecting the environment and slowing the pace of climate change. the. eleven year old giana writer is organizing a close what party at her school it's the second time she's done it. i think because it's important that we all do something to reduce the level of consumerism that we take a stand against so much new stuff being bought if you buy less because you swap more there's less need to grow so much cotton which in turn means that fewer pesticides are released into the environment that. environmental protection is important in lessons to yana believes it will be one of the biggest issues for her generation. and. if you are many you can bring about
real changes and we have to tell adults what to do because this is our future and at some point they won't be alive anymore than will be the adults so we have to do something for our future. i read a quote by bertold brash to change the world it needs it that really stayed with me because it's so important it's about our future. self. through. fifteen year old sh lives in a small town in south west germany where he's surrounded by nature. and his team set up protest rallies seeking to persuade politicians to do more to protect the environment. is good enough it would be even more fun if they'd actually listen to our arguments and responded. but all in all of course it is fun for the team to be out there getting involved in politics.
them on its own by spin paul mccann what twenty years ago for example there weren't any marbled fish larry butterflies here yet and now i see them all the time in the summer. so it's clear that climate change is having an effect and that. i'm a close have pictures to an online database it's a place for people to document the flora and fauna in the state she's already uploaded about seven hundred entries each discovery is flagged on the map. with. a protection is fun because it gives me something in return that i feel like i'm doing something worthwhile with my time i really enjoy it but i think. doctors in new delhi have declared a public health emergency the problem poor air quality and it's not the first time
cold air forces the small down into the city so pollution levels of particularly bad in winter the air is so toxic right now that most schools of being closed the indian government is enforcing driving restrictions to try to get the situation back under control in twenty fourteen the world health organization named to the city the world's most heavily polluted capital. every year over a million people die prematurely in india because of toxic particles in the air that's according to a u.n. study in new delhi there's no escaping the pollution. started when a lot. more. than i. hope. judging a pundit is seventeen years old she's very concerned about the air pollution in her
home city. so by leaving them to the doctor and. i had this coalition. and other. costs a holes across india reached record. levels this past year the capital alone has ten million registered vehicles many have diesel engines which are particularly toxic last year emissions in new delhi when the early thirty times higher than world health organization limits india's former environment minister says for years the government's main focus has been on economic growth whatever the cost i didn't mean you know people want jobs people want brodrick to be one factory of that when those are the risible signs of progress right usually you see you know ok we've got a little you know but that's something that we need to do. a real had to do in order to industrialize and organize but i think that's probably going as increases
as the civic movements and i gather a p s i think a lot of governments will have to be sensitive to these. citizens initiatives like help delhi green being the pressure they want the government to tackle the problem after ratifying the paris climate accord last year the indian government is taking some steps it's drawn up plans to overhaul or shut down some of the country's cold fired power plants. the agricultural sector is also coming under pressure every year farmers around the capital burn off the stubble left from harvesting rice to make space for the winter crop of wheat the thick plumes of smoke waft into the city that alone accounts for one quarter of delhi's air pollution surrender punj owner has been farming his fields in the district of party island for fifteen years but these days he does things differently. used to burn the stubble every year but
it was bad for the environment now the government's restricted this practice so some of us are seeking a solution we want to protect the environment. his solution is to use a mulcher and a rotovator which he bought together with another farmer to cut down the straw or left after harvesting then he can just leave it lying in the field that helps protect the winter seed and eventually to decompose it but many farmers are still burning their fields still turn it if it involves buying equipment which few can afford the government now offer subsidies for machines that can help keep farmers from burning their fields local n.g.o.s are seeking to persuade the farmers to sign up but not everyone's convinced. takes ages to apply for the subsidies and even then there are no guarantees you'll get the money. there's
a lack of awareness. we have to work hard to persuade farmers of the advantages. that's the biggest challenge we have are trying to point out that it's for their benefit. progress is being made but it's slow india has set some on bishops goals by twenty thirty all public transport is supposed to be fully electric along with many private passenger vehicles the government is also looking to promote renewable energies to meet the country's huge power any. nuclear costs are going up. by. plummeting and i think. that works to our advantage that gets reflected in the commitment that we are made by producer do we were forty percent or five liters of you from now on fossil fuels are all doing that's unreasonable target because already we are knocking on thirty percent but judging a pundit feels twenty thirty is too long to wait she's decided to start protecting
the environment herself. so i have no first hand experience so what children go through when this subject because why don't i begin initiative to do something for the environment. together with two friends she's developed and filter they entered a competition organized by the un in tandem with indian industry in schools and won an award for their invention. and it does collect inside the bag it forms a pick bad idea which for the it improves the efficiency of the penetration process . i believe it's up to the younger generation to think about the future think about what they're going to do when all they do source of their being depleted if they work together it's about humanity it's about conserving the earth.
and. in our series global teens we meet teenagers from around the world today we had to both hertz a governor. or one my name is they're not going to turn seventeen and i'm from was that was. how i got there i don't remember because. it's my favorite song and. favorite song and now i know i keratin the wall.
and they all know what. i'm pro i did that with my mother. it's not sort of a grammy. for farmers and i was on some their educations and it was also beautiful because it's a big success so very happy because when i when i see my mom while she's working it's a special feel really. grandma is a nurse. i want to study mechanical engineering and it's not the same hour we were in with maggots and i were not the ground. zero they were there must this building here was destroyed in the civil war in one thousand nine hundred. we have to look ahead and try to turn the negative things into positive ones. of the poor to.
get out. of the huge turn soul of the city of mostar is a nonprofit a nonpolitical organization. unfortunately we don't have a properly functioning city council involving all ethnic groupings but we've shown that we young people have many ideas and can work together and it's very important for us to promote culture and ecology. i said. don't forget to check out our facebook page global society there you'll find moving
a fascination for the. flying machines if you know. your romex thirty minute spot w. . you can make i thank you i'll company make a german stock corporation was founded in two thousand i mean this was stuff of two his meanwhile grown to eighty and i just didn't know well the site was chosen because we have all the competency in excellence it doesn't and sex in your film a very good eco system for our company through fifty five g. is the driving force behind industry four point zero zero so what's special about us is probably that we don't only present the formulas how it could be but that we also make tests on a running system in conduct or the other largest cluster in germany and in europe we have to university we have
a set of the fancy toot your three players of equipment and materials for us is going to cost it's absolutely important that our staff have their minds free when they come to work this means we do have these child friendly facilities creativity maybe a tick is the fruit off the atmosphere surrounding your company and we have also extremely good support from the political system is entrenched quite proud of where we are today i think that we still need as human power has the end of the day the industry says of course they go where they get their problems solved and that's possible here on site or even see us i live in china before i'm french but doesn't is a very good place to raise a family. and i love it was my so media. in untaught to. the deadly storm can be minutes away.
so a satellite phone is your lifeline. is no way more extreme want to build one. next month for. d.h.l. get a replacement haul of way around the world within thirty six hours and. runway was finished allowing climate change scientists. to continue by to research the benefit is all. that's the power train and deal. making it happen. at least four hundred people have been killed and more than six thousand injured after a strong earthquake struck the border region between iraq and iran rescue teams have been working feverishly to find people trapped under rubble families had to evacuate their homes fearing.